Goal:

## Theory:

Part 1

The base and perpendicular height of a parallelogram can be identified as follows:

Any side can be the base, and then the perpendicular height extends from the side parallel to the base to meet a line through the base at a 90° angle.

For a rectangle, the perpendicular height is one of the sides:

If you know the base and perpendicular height of a parallelogram, then you can find the area using this formula:

Area = base × perpendicular height

## Method:

Part 2

Maths Helper Plus can show the calculations and also draw a diagram for calculating the area of a parallelogram given the base and perpendicular height.

We have created a Maths Helper Plus document to complement this topic. You can use it to practice the steps described below, and as a starting point for solving your own problems.

File name: ‘Area of Parallelogram.mhp’ File size: 10kb

If you choose ‘Open this file from its current location’, then Maths Helper Plus should open the document immediately. If not, try the other option: ‘Save this file to disk’, then run Maths Helper Plus and choose the ‘Open’ command from the ‘File’ menu. Locate the saved file and open it. If you do not yet have Maths Helper Plus installed on your computer, click here for instructions.

##### Step 2 Display the parameters box

Press the F5 key to display the parameters box:

Click on the ‘A’ edit box with the mouse, then type the perpendicular height of your parallelogram.

Similarly, click on the ‘B’ edit box and type the value of the base.

The ‘C’ value is the length of the vertically slanted sides of the parallelogram. For a rectangle, make ‘C’ equal to ‘A’. For a more slanted parallelogram, make ‘C’ a larger value.

NOTE: The diagram will not display if ‘C’ is greater than ‘B’.

Click the ‘Update’ button to refresh the diagram and calculations.

##### Step 3 Adjust the scale of the labeled diagram

If the labeled diagram does not display the points, the scale needs to be reduced. In this case, briefly press the F10 key enough times until the two plotted points are seen.

You can make the diagram bigger by holding down ‘Ctrl’ while you press F10.

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